Learning to learn

Learning to learn

Recently I’ve started a huge personal challenge that I will describe with more details in the next months, however a really critical part of this challenge is, How can I learn faster?. Well, I’ve bought a really nice course in Udemy, Learning to learn by Andrei Neagoie and these are my notes.

Also I want to mention that I love the productivity stuffs, and I admire people like Bill Gates, and Tim Ferris.



The principles

  1. The method of Loci about memory enhacement.
  2. Learning vs Winning to the system, by Paul Grahan
  3. What is success?. This is subjective meaning, however it can be achieved with the next characteristics.
    • Drive
    • Persistence
    • Going a good learner
  4. The obstacle & The dip
    1. Seth Godin
    2. Sometimes we have to know when to turn around and pick the right path in order to use our resources efficiently.
  5. Compound learning
    1. The principle behind is: You don’t have to dedicate many hours one day to learning something, you need instead to learning at least 20 – 30 minutes per day, everyday to compound the learning in your mind.
    2. Improve by 1% a day, and in 70 days you’re twice a good. – Alan Wiss P.h D
    3. https://www.calculatorsoup.com/calculators/financial/compound-interest-calculator.php
    4. https://www.bankrate.com/calculators/savings/compound-savings-calculator-tool.aspx
  6. Failures don’t count on you
    1. Every time you make a mistake, any time you fail you are learning, it gives you feedback on why you should do next time.
  7. Choice vs Chore
    1. Chores are temporary and they won’t last long, but if you start to shift your focus and realize that learning is a choice you can not do anything today
  8. It’s all in the frame.
    1. Not everything in life is objective, rather than is subjective and everything depends of perspective, so we can reframe that.
    2. Shift your focus, shift your perspective on you can control, instead of you can not control.
  9. Pareto principle
    1. Also know as the 80/20 rule. The law of vital few.
    2. 80 percent of sales comes from 20 percent of clients.
    3. 80 percent of code comes from 20 percent of programmers.
    4. It’s about eliminating things.
    5. Composition by Pietro monad. $50 Million Dollars
    6. Is this the best use of my time?
  10. Skill Staking
    • Mastering by Robert Greene says there are 3 keys.
      1. Curiosity
      2. Value of learning
      3. Staking your skills in different unique ways.
    • For example, if you are a programmer and you combine your programming skills with business skills, or communication skills you will be more valuable.
    • It’s not about being the greatest in one thing, you just need to be pretty good at list of useful skills that when combined, make you truly one of a kind.
  11. Happiness Factors
    • To be an efficient learner, you need to enjoy what you’re doing to learning.
    • What are the things that make you happy in your life?
    • Create monitor factors and monitor them.
  12. Productivity time
    • What is your most productivity time? Morning ? Night ?
    • Every person is different and your job is to figure out what your productivity times are.
  13. Self learning paradigm
    1. The core of self learning, is this idea of personal autonomy to become a self learner and efficient learner.
    2. This is a choice you have to make, based on your mainly motivation.



The lies

There are a couple of lies in the world and the learning process you need to know.

  1. Follow your passion
    • Become so good they can’t ignore you by Carl Newport.
    • Passion is simple overrated, many people who actually love what they do don’t have a passion for it.
    • More than passion you need creativity, control and impact. Learning is a craft and you can learn to love the process.
  2. You can avoid risk
    • Risk is part of the process, and you have to be able to tolerate and enjoy taking risk.
    • If you really want to be good, you need to stretch your boundaries, and people who don’t take risks in their life, are going to be left behind by those that take risk.
  3. Trust this one person
    • Don’t follow one single person and think that everything he or she says is true, and is right for us.
    • Each person give advices based on the experiences in their life.
    • Create your option based on different opinions and your own experiences, because there can be charlatans.
    • The people who tell you that they know everything are often the ones that know the least.
  4. 10.000 hours rule
    • It’s a popular rule by Malcom Gladwell, however is not totally true.
    • The more you practice the better you get, but it means that you won’t need at least 10.000 hours to achieve it.
    • Remember there are a lot of variables that makes difference in this topic ( Genetic, Environment, Country). And stay focus is more relevant.



The Pillars

  1. Everything is a game
    • One of the most important pillar to being an efficient learner.
    • Everything you do or you want to learn, cab be learned, there is where the growth mindset is really important and the game to create a strategy makes sense.
    • If you have the Locus of control, you start being aware you have the control of your life and the are prepared to be a better learner.
  2. Feyman Technique
    • It was mentioned by Richard Feynman, a famous Novel Prize in Physicist
    • You need to explain the things you learn in the most simple way. The idea is to become in a good learner to understand a topic you want to be able to explain it in simple terms.
  3. Trunk based knowledge
    • Instead of working from the leafs we should start learning at the roots at the trunk and form that trunk in those leafs.
    • If you want to have a long term learning, you should start from the principles, fundamentals at that topic.
    • Article Be Prepared To Lose Your Job In The Future… If You Don’t Learn This One Skill Now
  4. Efficiency trumps grit
    • Being busy just shows that you have lack of time management skills and you’ll discover that efficient learning isn’t about being the absolute hardest worker, it’s about being smart with your time. 🙈
    • We have limited time in our life, we have limited skills that we can acquire in our life. So we want to be as efficient as possible with our time.



The Science

  1. Focus vs Diffuse mode
    • Barbara Oakey learning how to learn . Two states that our brain can be in: Focus and Diffuse mode.
    • Focus mode, our brain has the 100% of attention in one thing. It activates the prefrontal cortex in your brain.
    • Diffuse mode, your brain is thinking in several things. It activates many regions in your brain. Things like going for a talk or even sleeping.
    • As you can’t become expert overnight the best strategy is combine the two modes creating connections and Myelin. So multitasking is an awful strategy.
  2. The Science of sleep
    • For long term learning, lack of sleep is just a horrible strategy, because it creates toxic products in our brain.
    • When you sleep your brain actually cell shrink and fluids flow through these gaps and they clear these toxins for you.
    • The idea is to find a balance, don’t sleep too much, and don’t sleep too little.
  3. Brain Training
    • When two neurons are connected this is call synapses.
    • The brain is like a muscle, never has the same state.
    • Physical exercise creates estimates and help our brain, because relax it and makes the brain stays in the diffuse mode.
  4. The Science of feedback
    • Feedback is an integral part of learning. Either be positive or negative. However, getting negative feedback indicates, what we need to fix.
    • Here is the importance of mentors or coaches that can accelerate your learning.
  5. Procrastination
    • Procrastination is an issue with managing our emotion and not our time.
    • To get rid of procrastination we need to take the initiative and start doing the task.
    • This is a useful tool to control our procrastination in Internet. https://www.inmotion.app/
  6. Short and Long term memory
    • Long term memory is created by practice and practice, like riding bicycle. Usually you put fundamental concepts and principles that guide your life.
    • Short term memory is also known as working memory. To move from the Short term memory to Long term memory, you can use spaced repetition technique (several days).
    • Article about those concepts. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2657600/
  7. Active and Passive Learning
    • Passive learning is when you do the easy things, like watch videos, listen podcast or just reading something.
    • Active learning involves the practice, take notes, take action, teach to someone.
    • The idea behind is combine them. Passive + Active. One hour of test is better than one hour of studying.
  8. The Science of Motivation
    • Intrinsic motivation: Things you believe or you are. Three main motivators Autonomy, Mastery and Purpose.
    • External motivation: Things like money, status, gifts. This extrinsic motivation can generate side effects.
  9. Goals
  10. It pays to not be busy
  11. Chunking
  12. How to solve problems
  13. Deliberate practice
  14. Spaced repetition
  15. Habits as energy savers
  16. Be adventurous
  17. Have and endpoint
  18. Be bored



The Techniques

You can also read the original article here

Cheers! 🍻

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